The National Academy of Sciences
Endowed in 2014 in honor of former Research Corporation President John P. Schaefer through a gift from RCSA and the Frederick Gardner Cottrell Foundation, this award is bestowed biennially to recognize an accomplishment or discovery in basic research within the past five years. It consists of a $50,000 cash prize and $50,000 to support research.
2015 Jonathan S. Weissman
For his 2009 development of ribosome profiling, a powerful technique that makes possible genome-wide analysis of protein synthesis in living cells at high resolution, and its subsequent use to reveal many unanticipated, critical molecular insights concerning the process whereby RNA sequences are translated into protein sequences.
For their leadership roles with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) Scientific Collaboration, which made the first-ever observation of gravity waves, ripples in spacetime, in 2015.